Study on Immigration, Ethnocultural Diversity and Languages in Canada for 2011 to 2036

Statistics Canada

According to the report Immigration and Diversity: Population Projections for Canada and its Regions, 2011 to 2036, if current immigration levels continue in the coming years, nearly one in two Canadians could be an immigrant or the child of an immigrant by 2036.

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The report also projects the following:

  • The immigrant population would continue to be concentrated in the census metropolitan areas in 2036, particularly Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver.
  • More than half of immigrants in Canada would be of Asian origin in 2036.
  • Over one-third of the working-age population in 2036 would belong to a visible minority group.
  • The proportion of people with a non-Christian religions would increase between now and 2036.
  • More than one-quarter of the Canadian population in 2036 would have a mother tongue other than English or French.
  • Decline in the proportion of the English- and French-mother-tongue populations up to 2036.
  • A strong majority of the population would continue to speak English or French most often at home.
  • As the first official language spoken, English to increase and French to decrease by 2036.
  • More diverse official-language populations.
  • Despite an increase in the number of speakers, the percentage of the Canadian population able to speak French could decrease between 2011 and 2036.
  • In 2036, one in two French-mother-tongue individuals would be bilingual.