This paper uses data from a survey of Canadian firms in 2011, 2014 and 2017, and asks whether immigrant-owned small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) were more likely than those owned by Canadian-born individuals to implement an innovation. It is hypothesized that this would be the case since compared to the Canadian born, immigrant entrepreneurs are more likely to be highly educated in a science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) field, are more likely to file patents (at least in the United States), and are more likely to trade internationally. These factors are positively correlated with innovation. The outcome variables include the likelihood of implementing product, process, organizational and marketing innovations, and five types of intellectual property: registered trademarks, patents, registered industrial designs, trade secrets and nondisclosure agreements. The methodology consists of using coarsened pexact matching followed by a probit analysis to control for both firm and owner characteristics. Both adjusted and unadjusted results indicate that an immigrant-owned firm was more likely to implement a product or process innovation, regardless of whether the immigrant owner was a recent or longer-tenured immigrant, or whether the firm was in a knowledge-based industry or the economy as a whole. Similar results were obtained for marketing innovations. There was no difference in the likelihood of implementing an organizational innovation between SMEs with immigrant owners and SMEs with Canadian-born owners. Overall, there was little difference between the two regarding the use of the five types of intellectual property. However, recent immigrant owners were more likely to use patents.
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This paper is intended to be a resource on the provincial statutory regulation of international labour recruitment and employment in Canada. In order to frame the comparative discussion, select international principles on fair recruitment are used as a thematic framework.
Newcomer Youth Connections for Success
New to Canada? In high school? Thinking about your future? NYCS is the program for you!
Newcomer Youth: Connections for Success (NYCS) helps newcomer teens, ages 14-18, build community connections, find peer support and enhance leadership & employment skills.
Anti-racism is the call of the day in the Global North. In addition to their earlier push to introduce a diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI) culture, institutions are now also hurriedly producing anti-racism strategies and policies. This is supposed to combat the growing tide of hatred against those of non-white origin.
This following report was produced by Edward Ng and Haozhen Zhang for Statics Canada. Please click below to see the full reseach.
This following report has been produced by the Demosim team, prepared by Jean-Dominique Morency, Éric Caron Malenfant and Samuel MacIsaac for Stastics Canada.
This report has been exclusive produced by Access Alliance. Please visit their web page and their original resource for the full report.
A groundbreaking study into the social norms around racist demeanours may lie the secret of tackling racism by addressing those unspoken social rules much like how public health officials changed public smoking through antismoking campaign.